Women in North Indian states like Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar celebrate Teej with great enthusiasm. There are three famous Teej festivals celebrated by women during Sawan and Bhadrapada months, which are Hariyali Teej, Kajari Teej and Hartalika Teej.
Akha Teej or Akshaya Tritiya and Gangaur Tritiya are not part of the Teej festivals referred above. Hariyali Teej, Kajari Teej and Hartalika Teej are highly significant because these Teejs occur in Shravana and Bhadrapada months. Timing of these three Teej festivals in Shravana and Bhadrapada months, which coincide with the monsoon season, makes them more special to women.
Hariyali Teej, dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, occurs on Shukla Paksha Tritiya in Shravana month, which usually falls two days before Nag Panchami. Shravana month is considered as holy month to observe various fasts dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
Hariyali Teej signifies reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. On this auspicious day, women devotees worship Goddess Parvati to seek marital bliss and happy married life. Married women celebrate this day with great passion and joy. Wearing new clothes and ornaments, they visit their parents’ home and celebrate the day by singing and swing riding.
Parents of married women send a bucket of gift, known as Sindhara, to their daughters. Sindhara contains variety of items like homemade sweets, Ghewar, Henna, bangles etc. Because of this custom of gifting Sindhara to the daughter and her in-laws during this festival, Hariyali Teej is also known as Sindhara Teej.
Other names for Hariyali Teej are Chhoti Teej and Shravana Teej. Kajari Teej, which occurs fifteen days after Hariyali Teej, is known as Badi Teej.
About Hariyali Teej Festival:
# This festival is celebrated in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Punjab, and Haryana states.
# Hariyali Teej Festival is celebrated in Jaipur with great pomp.
# On this day womens dress up in bright colours like red and green, they wear bangles and apply mehendi on their hands
# Each day has its own importance, starting with the first that is called Dar Khane Din, on this day ladies enjoy a feast which will be prepared by men. The second day is for fasting, and on the third day for offering prayers to the deity.
# Ghevar, Dal Bati Churma, Besan Laddu, Kaju Katli and Sattu are the dishes prepared on this festival.
# Some women also observe a ‘Nirjara Vrat’; they will not drink a drop of water or eat anything on the whole day.