Temple Car or Chariots are used on festival days to carry the processional god when many devotees pull the car with a help of a long rope. The Temple cares of different sizes and different materials ie, Golden car, Silver car, Bronze car and wooden cars.
The Aazhi Ther is the biggest chariot in Tamil Nadu. The 30-foot-tall temple car, which originally weighed 220 tons, is raised to 96 feet with bamboo sticks and decorative clothing, bringing its total weight to 350 tons.
There are 5 temple cars in Udupi Krishna namely Brahma Ratha (the largest), Madya Ratha (medium), Kinyo (small), and the silver and Gold Rathas.
Temple Car Name in Different Language:
Theru / Ter in Tamil and Malayalam
Teru / Ratham in Telugu
Ratha in Hindi
Roth in Bangla
Teru in Kannada
List of Temple with Temple Car in India:
- Aragalur, Salem district, Tamil Nadu.
- Avinashi Sri Avanashiappar Temple, Tirupur district, Tamil Nadu.
- Banavasi, near Sirsi in Uttara Kannada, Karnataka
- Bantwal, Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka
- Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
- Chamundeshwari Temple, Mysuru, Karnataka.
- Chettikulangara Devi Temple, Chettikulangara, Kerala.
- Cherai, Kerala.
- Koniamman Temple, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
- Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu.
- Abiramiyamman Kovil, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu.
- Betarayaswamy Kovil, Denkanikottai, Krishnagiri district, Tamil Nadu.
- Chennimalai, Sivagiri, Sivanmalai, Erode, Tamil Nadu.
- Sri Kondathukalaimman Temple, Sri Balamurugan Temple, Gobichettipalayam, Tamil Nadu.
- Stone Chariot was built by Vijayanagara Kings, Hampi, Karnataka.
- Mahathobhara Shri Parvathi-Parameshwra, Karinjeshwara Temple, Karinjeshwara, Karnataka.
- Sri Khadri Lakshmi Narasimha Swami Temple, Kadiri, Andhra Pradesh.
- Sri Saarangapani Temple, Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu.
- Koduru, Andhra Pradesh.
- Sri Mahabaleshwara Temple Gokarna, Karnataka
- Shri Mariamman Kovil, Karuvalur, Tamil Nadu.
- Somasundareswarer Kovil, Kallal Town, Sivaganga District, Tamil Nadu.
- Ekaambaranathar Kovil, Kancheepuram
- Karamadai, Tamil Nadu
- Shri Durga Parameshwari Temple Kateel, Karnataka
- Mookambika Temple, Kollur, Karnataka.
- Kadayanallur, Tenkasi district, Tamil Nadu.
- Sri Vidhya Rajagopalaswamy temple, Mannargudi, Tiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu
- Kapaleeshwarar Temple, Mylapore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
- Shree Kalikamba Temple Mulki, Karnataka.
- Shri Bappanadu Temple, Mulki, Karnataka.
- Shri Venkataraman Temple, Mangalore, Karnataka.
- Sri Meenakshi Amman Temple, Madurai
- Sri Somanathar Somasundari Temple, North Authoor, Thoothukudi district, Tamil Nadu.
- Patteewarar Temple, Perur, western side of Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
- Shri Maha Lingeshsara Temple, Puttur, Karnataka.
- Palani, Tamil Nadu.
- Many temples in the settlements of Palakkad, Kerala.
- Puri, Odisha.
- Srikanteshwara Temple, Nanjangud, Mysuru, Karnataka.
- Sakkottai, Kumbakonam taluk of Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu, India
- Sri Srivaikuntanathan Permual Temple, Srivaikuntam, Thoothukudi district, Tamil Nadu. (Fourth largest temple car in Tamil Nadu)
- Thanumalayan Temple, Suchindram, Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu.
- Sri Andal Temple, Srivilliputtur, Tamil Nadu. (Second largest temple car in Tamil Nadu)
- Elampillai, Aranagalur, Rasipuram Temples Salem, Tamil Nadu
- Suratkal, Karnataka.
- Sri Nellaiappar Temple, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu. (Third largest temple car in Tamil Nadu)
- Sri Arthanareeswarar Temple, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu.
- Annamalaiyar, Unnamulai Amman temple, 5 Chariots in Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu.
- Aruilmigu Muthukumara Swamy Thirukkovil, Tirupattur, Tamil Nadu.
- Thirthahalli, Shimoga district, Karnataka.
- Tiruvallur, Tamil Nadu.
- Mahalingam Swamy, Tiruvidaimarudur, Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu.
- Ariyalur-Perambalur, Thungapuram, Perambalur district, Tamil Nadu.
- Thiyagarajar Temple, Thiruvarur, Tamil Nadu. (First largest temple car in Asia)
- Perumal Kovil, Thiruthangal,Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu.
- Sri Sowmiya Narayana Perumal Kovil, Thirukoshtiyur, near Tirupathur on the way to Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu,
- Udupi, Karnataka.
- Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu.
- Yanam, East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh.
List of Temple with Temple Car Rest of India:
- Seri Maha Mariamman Temple, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
- Colombo, Sri Lanka
- Aiyya Temple, Manali New Town
- Nattukkottai Chettiar Temple, George Town, Malaysia
- Sri Kamadchi Ampal Temple, Hamm, Germany
- Nagarathaar Sri Thendayuthapani, Teluk Intan, Hilir Perak District, Perak, Malaysia
- Koneswaram temple, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka