The Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple is one of the most prominent and revered Hindu temples in India. It is situated in the city of Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is known for its unique lingam, which is believed to be one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in the country. The temple is also significant because of its religious and historical importance. In this article, we will explore the history, architecture, and significance of the Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple.
Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple Timings/Pooja:
Ujjain Shiva Temple opened at 4:00 AM and closed at 11:00 PM.
Shree Mahakaleshwar Temple Daily Pooja Schedule:
From Chaitra to Ashwin Morning Pooja is performed between 7:00 AM to 7:30 AM, Mid-day Pooja between 10:00 to 10:30 AM, Evening Pooja between 5:00 PM to 5:30 PM and Aarti Shree Mahakal between 7:00 PM to 7:30 PM.
From Kartik to Falgun Morning Pooja is performed between 7:30 AM to 8:00 AM, Mid-day Pooja between 10:30 to 11:00 AM, Evening Pooja between 5:30 PM to 6:00 PM and Aarti Shree Mahakal between 7:30 PM to 8:00 PM.
Mahakal Jyotirling History:
The history of the Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple dates back to ancient times. It is believed that the temple was constructed during the 4th century BC by the Mauryan emperor, Ashoka. However, the present structure of the temple was built in the 18th century by the Maratha ruler, Ranoji Shinde. The temple was renovated and expanded by various rulers over the centuries. The temple has undergone significant changes in its architecture over the years, but it still retains its ancient charm.
The architecture of Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga:
The Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple has unique architecture that is a blend of different styles. The temple is built in the Bhumija style of architecture, which is a blend of Dravidian and Nagara styles. Ujjain temple has five levels, and the topmost level is adorned with a golden kalasha. The temple has three entrances, and each entrance has a unique design. The main entrance of the temple is called the Mahadwara, and it has a large and intricately carved wooden door. The sanctum sanctorum of the temple houses the lingam, which is a unique feature of the temple.
Significance of Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple:
The Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple is significant for many reasons. It is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India, and it is believed that worshipping Lord Shiva in this temple can bring peace and prosperity to one’s life. This temple is also significant because it is believed to be the only Jyotirlinga that faces south. The temple is also associated with many mythological stories, and it is believed that Lord Shiva himself appeared in this temple to bless his devotees. The temple also hosts many festivals and rituals throughout the year, which attract a large number of devotees.
Other Important Temples Of Ujjain
- Shree Chintaman Ganesh: The Chintaman Ganesh temple in Ujjain is the largest temple dedicated to Sri Ganesha.
- Shree Harsiddhi Mata: Located near the Mahakaleshwar Temple, this is one of the 51 major Shaktipeeths in India.
- Shree Shani Maharaj: The Shani Temple in Ujjain, which is situated on the banks of River Shipra, is a very ancient temple.
- Shree Mangalnath: The Mangalnath Temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, holds great reverence as a sacred site in Ujjain.
- Sandipani Asrama
- Triveni Navagraha
Puja & Abhishek in Ujjain Temple
- General Puja
- Shiv Mahima Path
- Rudrabhishesk Vaidik Puja
- Shiv Mahima Strota
- Rudrabhishek (11 Avartan) Rudra Patha
- Laghu Rudra Abhishek (121 Paath) by 11 Brahamin
- Maha Rudra Abhishek
- Mahamrutyunjay Jaap (1.25 Lakh jaap)
- Bhanga Shringar
How to Reach Shree Mahakaleshwar Temple:
The nearest airport is Indore Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Airport is an international airport that is 57.3 km from Ujjain Mahakal Temple.
Ujjain is directly connected by different railway lines to Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Mumbai, Fouzabad, Lucknow, Dehradun, Delhi, Banaras, Kochin, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Howrah and many more.
By Road :
Ujjain is directly connected by road to Indore, Surat, Gwalior, Pune, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Udaipur, Nasik and Mathura.
Mahakaleshwar Temple Address:
Madhya Pradesh – 456006.
Dharmshala: 0734-2551714, 0734-2585873
Other Jyotirlinga Temples are:
1) Somnath Temple in Gujarat
2) Omkareshwar Temple in Madhya Pradesh
3) Kedarnath Temple in Uttarakhand
4) Bhimashankar Temple in Maharashtra
5) Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Uttar Pradesh
6) Trimbakeshwar (or) Tryambakeshwar Shiva Temple in Maharashtra
7) Ramanathaswamy Temple in Tamil Nadu
8) Grishneshwar Temple in Maharashtra
9) Vaidyanath Temple in Jharkhand
10) Nageshwar Temple (or) Aundha Nagnath Temple in Gujarat
11) Srisailam Mallikarjuna Swami Temple in Andhra Pradesh