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Medaram Sammakka Saralamma Jathara – Asia’s Biggest Religious Festival

Sammakka sarakka jathara is a four days event is going to start in 2nd week magha sudha pournami days. This jathara is celebrated at Medaram in Tadavi mandal of Warangal district in the month of Feburary once in every two years and will continue for 3 days.

It is a unique traditional festival to tribals. Their unique tradition and lifestyle add a rich diversity to Indian.
Tribal communities in India have time and again contributed substantially to the cultural vaults of the country. Their unique traditions and lifestyle have helped to add a rich diversity to Indian culture. The biennial celebration of Samakka Saralamma Jathara held in Medaram is one such example. This is a tribal fair that originates in Medaram, a quaint village in Tadvai Mandal in Warangal District of Telangana, and therefore is also known as Medaram Jathara. The Sammakka Saralamma Jathara is however not confined within Medaram but has assumed a Pan-Indian dimension with participation of devotees from Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka, Chattisgarh, parts of Jharkand and Maharashtra.

The Samakka saralamma jathara is celebrated in the month of January-Feburary of every year. This is one of the biggest festivals; on this festival we can see that a number of tribals celebrate this festival in a grand manner. Samakka saralamma jathara is the most popular celebrating festival came into identification after the popular Kumbha Mela.

In January – Feburary on Magha this festival is celebrated. The sammakka Saralamma jathara is a four days celebrating festival on full moon day. On this day the goddess saralamma is traditionally brought in the form of vermillion from the village kanneboyinapalle. The goddess is placed on the gadde at Medaram. The main goddess sammakka brought the form of vermillion from chilukalagutta and placed on the gadde. The poojari will do all this prospects in a process with beating drums, blowing of trumpets and full throated yells. The two gaddes are represented by bamboo sticks marks with pasupu and kumkuma. We can see huge trees on the sammakka Gaddhe.

The rituals of this festival are followed by the brahmanic or with vedic mantras. This is based up on human belief and customs. These rituals are started, when a tribal boy who belongs to the koya community is entrusted, through a divine vision, with the duty of finding the goddess’s samakka and sarakka from the nearby forest. He determined find them out and carries them saftely back to the village. The sammakka and saralakka goddesses are arrived in the form of vermillion caskets and these goddesses are placed with full rituals and customs on a gaddhe, built below the Nagavruksham tree. This not only a signal to start festivities at medaram but across all other tribal villages which have similar platforms constructed.

On celebration of this festival people arrive in a big crowed to seek blessing from the goddess sammakka and saralakka and offers prayers at the fair. According to the history in the 7th centuries ago the medaram tribals went for hunting to the nearest medaram forest. They found a new born girl admist tigres( goddess sammakka). The baby girl looks gorgeous with enormous lighting. The bought the girl baby to their place and the head of the tribal’s adopted her and she got married to Pagididda raju. He was the tribal chief of kakatiya rulers of Warangal. Sammakka the goddess blessed with two daughters and one son. Sammakka named them as saralamma, Nagulamma and jampanna respectively. After one year he did not paid the collected money to the kakatiya king prataparudra due to severe drought and the Godavari River also got dried for so many years.

The king Prataparudra got angry and sent his army to collect the tribute money from the tribals. There is a war held between the kakatiya army and the tribals at Sampengawagu River. In this war the Padididda Raju, his daughters Saralamma, Nagulamma, son in law Govindaraju lost their lives in the battle. Later the jampanna son of sammakka also dies in the war with kakatiyas. Later the death of jampanna they renamed the sampenga wagu as jampanna wagu because of his heroic fight.

When sammaka heard the news, she went to participate in the war and fought with kakatiya army and damaged the kakatiya army. The kakatiya Prime Minister Koya kingdom came to the war place and surprised with her brave fight and requested her for peace and offered a prestige’s place in the kakatiyas emperire as a chief queen to sammakka. But sammakka did not accept the offer. And she continued the war with the kakatiya. She got wounded severely and she told her people to remember her as long as so that she will protect and helps they and she went into the forest and got disappeared. The kakatiyas army searched for her and finally they found the red ochre box, her bangles. Since the koyas , waddaras and other Indian tribes holds the memories and celebrates as a great festival regurarly to sammakka and sarakka.medaram-sammakka-saralamma-temple

The tradition of Sammakka Saralamma Jathara is one should visit Gatamma temple and supply a coconut before visiting Medaram. There is a belief that, If you don’t visit Gatamma devalayam, you visit to Sammakka Saralamma temple is rarely complete. Even the general public transport buses stop at Gatamma devalayam for the convenience of the devotees. Once reaching Medaram, devotees cleanse themselves within the Jampanna Vagu, a stream that flows near the place of the truthful. They conjointly supply immense amounts of jaggery, adequate their own weight, to the Goddesses. The jaggery is later distributed amongst the opposite devotees.

The belief within the power of the legendary Goddesses strengthens the recognition of the truthful. The truthful may be a colourful expertise as individuals arrive in superbly adorned bullock carts to participate within the festivities and find blessed by Sammakka and Sarakka. This truthful {is conjointly|is additionally} a well-liked destination for tourists not solely from Asian nation however also from across the globe as this can be thought to be the most effective chance for tasting the important style of social group art and culture.
Medaram may be a little village within the Eturnagaram forest space of Telangana. Throughout Sammakka Saralla Jathara, around 1.5 large integer devotees visit this place (in four days of Jathara). This jathara is Asia’s biggest spiritual congregation and conjointly referred to as Telangana’s Kumbh Mela.

People believe that Goddesses Sammakka, Saralamma fulfill their needs with their divine and miraculous powers. Issueless Couples visit to hope the immortal to bless them with kids. Several pilgrim pay their guarantees created to immortal throughout the Jathara, by giving jaggery, calf’s, coconuts and donations in money etc. The Pilgrim bath in Jampanna stream to urge sublimate and absolve from sins. Apart from Telangana, countless devotees from the close states of Telangana conjointly visit Medaram.

The truthful is control to commemorate or celebrate the bravery of the mother female offspring couple Samakka and Saralamma (also called Sarakka) United Nations agency place up a robust fight against the injustice of the then rulers and their unfair ways in which of governance.

Special Attractions:

Here the devotes offer tons of jaggery to the goddess
In just four days we there is a population of 1.5 crore devotees.
This festival is one of the unique traditional festival and culture of tribal life.
It represents the unique Telangana tradition.

Location of Medaram:

The medaram village is located at the Eturnagaram forest area of Warangal, Telangana.
Near to Medaram there is a forest area located known as Tadvai forest
From medaram at the distance of 60kms we can find Ramappa Temple. This is a very famous and well-known temple in Warangal.

How to reach Medaram-Public Transport:

During the jathara time the state government is providing special buses for the visitors and making them to feel comfort to reach the jathara. The special buses start from all the districts of Telangana to Medaram.
In normal days many buses are available from all the districts of Telangana to Medaram.

Nearest Railway Station:

Near to medaram there is a kazipet railway station, which is the major railway station to medaram.
From Warangal to medaram we can find number of buses.
By train we can also reach kazipet or Warangal.

Accommodiation at Medaram sammakka saralamma Jathara:

There is a prohibition of constructing hotels in Medaram area; because the medaram is situated I forest area.
We can find some tourism guesthouses at Medaram , which is mainly used by government officials.
In Hanamkonda/Warangal we can find a comfortable accommodation.

Distance to Medaram:

From Hanamkonda (Warangal) 95 Kms.
From Hyderabad 237 Kms
From Karimnagar 166 Kms

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