Rahu Ketu Puja

Planets and Houses | Rahu and Ketu | Zodiac Signs and Houses

About Planets and Houses:

About Planets:

In Hindu astrology there are 9 planets or Grahas. These include Rahu and Ketu, which are astronomical points formed where the orbit of the moons intersects the apparent path of the Sun around the Earth. Each planet is considered to have masculine, feminine or neutral characteristics.

Planets and their equivalents in English:

Graha English Name Sex
  Ravi   Sun    Masculine
  Chandra   Moon    Feminine
  Kuja   Mars    Masculine
  Budha   Mercury    Neutral
  Guru   Jupiter    Masculine
  Shukra   Venus    Feminine
  Sani   Saturn    Neutral
  Rahu   Dragon Head    Feminine
  Ketu   Dragon Tail    Neutral

Rahu and Ketu:

The apparent trajectory of the moons crosses the ecliptic obliquely at two points called nodes. The point where the Moon crosses the ecliptic from south to north is called the ascending node or Rahu, where it crosses the ecliptic from north to south is called the descending node or Ketu. These two points are 180 degrees apart and their movement is constantly retrograde, that is to say against the normal direction of movement of the planets. Rahu and Ketu have a special status and are considered to be planets in astrology. It takes approximately 18 years and 10 days for Rahu and Ketu to complete a zodiac tour.


The zodiac is an band 18 degree wide and is positioned obliquely to the equator. This band can be imagined running around the earth in an east-west direction. Star clusters can be located along this imaginary belt. This belt is divided into twelve equal parts called Rasi. It is also divided into 27 parts and each part is named after a star or group of stars located in the division.


When a zodiac is divided into twelve equal parts, each of those parts has a 30 degree arc extension. Such a division is called a sign or Rasi.

12 Houses of Rasi’s:

No. Indian System Western System
  1   Mesha    Aries
  2   Vrishabha    Taurus
  3   Mithuna    Gemini
  4   Karkata    Cancer
  5   Simha    Leo
  6   Kanya    Virgo
  7   Tula    Libra
  8   Vrischika    Scorpio
  9   Dhanu     Sagittarius
  10    Makara     Capricon
  11    Kumbha     Aquarius
  12    Meena     Pises

Lords of Houses:

Each Rasi has a planet asigned as Lord of the House.

No. Lords of 12 Houses
  1   Mesha    Mangal or Kuja / Mars
  2   Vrishabha    Shukra / Venus
  3   Mithuna    Budha / Mercury
  4   Karkata    Chandra / Moon
  5   Simha    Surya / The Sun
  6   Kanya    Budha / Mercury
  7   Tula    Shukra / Venus
  8   Vrischika    Kuja / Mars
  9   Dhanu    Guru / Jupiter
  10    Makara    Sani / Saturn
  11    Kumbha    Sani / Saturn
  12    Meena    Guru / Jupiter

Exalted Houses of the Planets:

Each planet has a point in the zodiac where it reaches its maximum strength. The houses where they have the most strength are called the houses of exaltation.

Planets and their exalted houses (Uchacha):

  1   Ravi   Mesha
  2   Chandra   Vrishabha
  3   Kuja   Makara
  4   Budha   Kanya
  5   Simha   Karkata
  6   Shukra   Meena
  7   Sani   Tula

Debilitated Houses of Planets:

Each planet has a point of the zodiac where it has the least force. The houses where the planets have the least strength are called weakening houses.

Debilitated houses of Planets
  1   Ravi   Tula
  2   Chandra   Vrischika
  3   Kuja   Karkata
  4   Budha   Meena
  5   Simha   Makara
  6   Shukra   Kanya
  7   Sani   Mesha

Planetary Relationship:

Each planet considers another planet as friend, enemy or equal. Some relationships are not mutual, for example, while one planet regards another as a friend, the second planet in turn may not see the first as a friend. Mercury and the Moon are best examples.

Planets Friends Equals Enemies
  Sun   Moon, Mars ,   Jupiter   Mercury    Venus, Sani, Rahu
  Moon   Sun, Mercury    Mars, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn    Rahu
  Mars   Sun, Moon, Jupiter    Venus, Saturn    Mercury, Rahu
  Mercury   Sun, Venus, Rahu   Mars, Jupiter, Saturn Moon
  Jupiter   Sun, Moon, Mars   Saturn, Rahu   Mercury, Venus
  Venus   Mercury, Saturn, Rahu   Jupiter, Mars   Sun, Moon
  Saturn   Mercury, Venus, Rahu    Jupiter   Sun, Moon, Mars
  Rahu   Mercury, Venus, Saturn    Jupiter   Sun, Moon, Mars
  Ketu   Mercury, Venus, Saturn, Rahu    Jupiter   Sun, Moon, Mars

Planets and Gem Stones:

Each planet has an associated gemstone. The nine stones corresponding to the nine planets are called the Navaratna group of stones.

Planet Gem Stone
  Ravi   Ruby
  Chandra   Pearl
  Kuja   Coral
  Budha   Emerald
  Guru    Pushyaraga
(Yellow Sapphire)
   Shukra    Diamond
  Saturn   Blue Sapphire
  Rahu   Gomed
  Ketu   Cat’s eye

Planets Their Colours:

Planet Gem Stone Colour
  Ravi   Red
  Chandra   White
  Kuja   Red
  Budha   Green
  Guru    Yellow
   Shukra    White
  Saturn   Blue
  Rahu   Smoke
  Ketu   Smoke

Periods of Stay of Each Planet in each Sign:

Planet Period of Stay
  Sun   30 days
  Moon   2 1/4 days
  Mars   45 days
  Mercury   30 days
  Jupiter   1 year
  Venus   30 days
  Saturn   2 years and 6 months
  Rahu   1 year and 6 months
  Ketu   1 year and 6 months

Planets and its Elements:

Planet Element
  Mercury stands for Earthly element Earth
  Sun Stands for Fiery element Fire
  Saturn stands for Airy element Air
  Jupiter stands for Ethereal element Air & Fire
   Venus & Moon stands for Watery element Water

House Type:

  Mesha   Vrishabha    Mithuna
  Karkata   Simha    Kanya
  Tula   Vrischika    Dhanu
  Makara   Kumbha    Meena
Natural Benefics: Jupiter, Mercury, Venus and Waxing Moon.
Natural Malefics: Saturni, Mars, Rahu, Ketu and Sun.

Characteristics Associated with Planets:

Planets are associated with color, metal, elements, grains, seasons etc. Also they are believed to belong to certain caste and sex. These characteristics and associations are given in a table below.

Character Sun Moon Mars Mercury
Color Copper White Red Green
Nature Sathwa Sathwa Thamas Rajas
Sex Male Female Male Eunuch(Female)
Caste Kshtriya Vysya Kshtriya Sudra
Element Fire Water Fire Earth
Diety Agni Varuna Subramanya Vishnu
Garment Thick New HalfBurnt Wet
Metal/material Copper Gems Gold Brass
Parts Bones Blood Marrow Skin
Grains Wheat Paddy Lentil GreenGram
Seasons Summer Winter Summer Autumn
Taste Pungent Salt Acidity Mixed
Residence Place of worship Springs Fire Play-ground
Temperament Bilious Phlegmatic Bilious Mixed
Character Jupiter Venus Saturn
Color Mixed Gold & Silver White / Yellow Blue / Black
Nature Sathwa Rajas Thamas
Sex Male Female Eunuch (Female)
Caste Brahman Brahman Chandala
Element Ether Water Air
Diety Indra Indrani Brahma
Garment Shabby Strong Rag
Metal / Material Silver Diamond (Pearl) Iron (Lead)
Parts Flesh & Brain Semen Muscles
Grains BengalGram Beans Sesamin
Seasons Snow Spring All Seasons
Taste Sweet & Cool Sour Bitter & Astringent
Residence Store – house Bed – Chamber Dustbin
Temperament Phlegmatic Windy
& Phlegmatic

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