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Siddhanta Gnana Ratnavali – CHAPTER II ON TATVAS

40) Question: What is Tatvam?

Answer: Real objects or an ever-existent entity.

41) Question: How many kinds are there?

Answer : Atmatatvam, Vidyatatvam, Sivatatvam.

42) Question: How many kinds of Atmatatvam are there?

Answer: Twenty four, they are:-
1. Prithvi (Earth)

2. Appu (Air)

3. Theyu (Fire)

4. Vayu (Air)

5. Akas (Ether)

Nos. 1-5 are five bhootas or elements.

6. Srottiram (Ear)

7. Tuvakku (Skin)

8. Satchu (Eyes)

9. Singuvai (Mouth)

10. Aakiranam (Nose)

Nos. 6-10 are five organs of Sense.

11. Sabdam (Sound)

12. Sparisam (Touch)

13. Rupa (Sight)

14. Rasa (Taste)

15. Gandam (Smell)

Nos. 11-15 are five senses or tanmatras.

16. Vakku (Mouth)

17. Padam (Foot)

18. Pani (Hand)

19. Payuru (Anus)

20. Upaththam (Genitals)

Nos. 16-20 are four Andakaarnas or internal senses.

21. Manas (Mind)

22. Buddhi (Reason)

23. Ahankaram (Self-assertion)

24. Chittam (Thinking faculty)

Nos. 21-24 are four Andakaranas or internal senses.

43) Question: How many are Vidyatatvam?

Answer: They are seven in number, viz.
1. Kalam (Time)

2. Niyati (Destiny-Law of Karma)

3. Kalai (Learning)

4. Viddhai (Knowledge)

5. Aragam (Desire)

6. Purudan (Egoism)

7. Maya (Non-ego, cosmic matter)

44) Question: How many are Sivatatva?

Answer: Five, viz.
1. Suddha Viddhai (Pure knowledge-Ninmalagana)

2. Eswaram (Pure action)

3. Sadakkiam (Eternal light and bliss)

4. Sakti (Divine Power)

5. Sivam (Love)

45) Question: How many internal organs are there?

Answer: The above said thirty-six.

46) Question: How many are the external organs?

Answer: Sixty, They are:-
1. Hair

2. Bones

3. External skin

4. Blood vessels

5. Flesh

Nos. 1-5 are produced from Prithvi (Earth).

6. Fluid water

7. Blood

8. Semen

9. Marrow

10. Fat

Nos. 6-10 are produced from Appu (Water)

11. Hunger

12. Sleep

13. Fear

14. Cohabitation

15. Laziness

Nos. 11-15 are produced from Theyu (Fire)

16. Running

17. Walking

18. Standing

19. Staying

20. Lying

Nos. 16-20 are produced from Vayu (Air)

21. Kama or Sexual love

22. Krodha or anger

23. Lopa or avarice

24. Matha or pride

25. Macharya or envy

Nos. 21-25 are produced from Akas (ether)

26. Prana-inhaled and exhaled air

27. Apana-downward air or flatus

28. Udana-air going upwards from the foot to the head

29. Vyana-regulating air that circulates

30. Samana-gastric juice

31. Naga-causing coughing, sneezing &c.

32. Koorma-giving vitality to the eye

33. Krihara-causing laziness and yawnings

34. Devadatta-cause of twinkling and laughing

35. Dhananjaya, vital air that fattens.

Nos. 26-35 are ten vital airs.

36. Idaikala, the canal which passes from the end of the spinal column to the head through the left nostril.

37. Pingala, ditto through the right nostril.

38. Sushumna, the canal which passes straight through the six centers, anus, private part, navel, heart, uvula and forehead.

39. Kandhari, the canal dividing itself into 7 passages for 7 kinds of natham or sound being produced and located in the neck.

40. Atti, Optic nerves.

41. Sikuvai

42. Alampudai, Occupy the ears

43. Purusha

44. Kuku which connects the navel and the generic organ.

45. Sankini, which occupy the organs of generation.

Nos. 36-45 are dasa nadis or blood-vessels.

46. Vachana, speech

47. Gamana, going

48. Dhana, giving

49. Visarga, discharge

50. Ananda, carnal pleasure.

Nos. 46-50 are five actions of Karmendriyas, or the organs of action.

51. Sookumai, sound in the navel

52. Pisanti, sound produced in the throat

53. Madyama, sound formed within the throat

54. Vikari, articulate sound from the tongue or mouth.

Nos. 51-54 are four articulate sounds.

55. Satva (goodness)

56. Rajas (wickedness)

57. Thamas (ignorance)

Nos. 55-57 are three gunas or qualities.

58. Putra-vedanai

59. Ulaga-vedanai

60. Artha-vedanai

Nos. 58-60 these three are Ishanatirayam.

47) Question: What is the total number of internal and external organs?

Answer: Ninety-six as above pointed out.

48) Question: What is meant by ‘adhwa’?

Answer: Marga or path. They are of 6 kinds, viz.
1. Mantram

2. Padham

3. Varnam

4. Phuvanam

5. Tatvam

6. Kalai

49) Question: What are the five-fold functions of God?

Answer :
1. Srishti (creation)

2. Sthithi (preservation)

3. Samhara (resolution)

4. Troubhava (obscuration)

5. Anugraha (blessing with Parasivagnana)

50) Question: What are the three tenses?

Answer: Past, present and future.

51) Question: What are the three regions?

Answer :

Lunar region (Chandramandalam)

Solar region (Suryamandalam)

Fire region (Agnimandalam)

52) Question: What are the three avastas or States of a Soul’s existence?

Answer :
1. Kevala avasta (the State of the Soul in its original, unevolved and undeveloped state i.e., thuriyathitha avasta).

2. Sakala avasta comprising Jagra avasta-waking state, Swapnaavasta-dreaming state, sushupti avasta-state of a dead sleep, thuriyavasta state of the soul breathing in bodies in which consciousness ins not yet developed.

3. Sutta avasta (the state of the Jivanmukta).

53) Question: What are the five kalais?

Answer :
1. Nivirti kalai

2. Pratishta kalai

3. Vidya kalai

4. Santhi kalai

5. Santiatita kalai

54) Question: What are the five kosams?

Answer :
1. Annamayakosam

2. Pranamayakosam

3. Manomayakosam

4. Gnanamayakosam

5. Anandamayakosam

55) Question : What are the four kinds of births?
Answer :

1. Andasam-(born of eggs)

2. Swedasam-(born of perspiration)

3. Uppisam-(born of the earth)

4. Sarayusam-(born of the womb)

56) Question: What are the 7 kinds of beings?

Answer :
1. Angels

2. Men

3. Beasts

4. Birds

5. Fish living in the water

6. Reptiles crawling on Earth

7. Immovables.

57) Question: Name the 3 persons

Answer :
1. First-person, as I, We,

2. Second person, as you

3. Third-person, as he, she, it and they

58) Question: What are the 6 sources?

Answer :
1. Moolathatam (anus)

2. Swathithanam (genitals)

3. Manipuragam (navel)

4. Anakatham (heart)

5. Visatti

6. Agnnai (face)

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