Manisha Panchakam Lyrics in Bengali:
॥ মনীষাপঞ্চকং ॥
অন্নময়াদন্নময়মথবা চৈতন্যমেব চৈতন্যাত্ ।
য়তিবর দূরীকর্তুং বাঞ্ছসি কিং ব্রূহি গচ্ছ গচ্ছেতি ॥
বিপ্রোঽয়ং শ্বপচোঽয়মিত্যপি মহান্কোঽয়ং বিভেদভ্রমঃ ।
কিং গঙ্গাম্বুনি বিম্বিতেঽম্বরমণৌ চাণ্ডালবীথীপয়ঃ
পূরে বাঽন্তরমস্তি কাঞ্চনঘটীমৃত্কুম্ভয়োর্বাঽম্বরে ॥
জাগ্রত্স্বপ্নসুষুপ্তিষু স্ফুটতরা য়া সংবিদুজ্জৃম্ভতে
য়া ব্রহ্মাদিপিপীলিকান্ততনুষু প্রোতা জগত্সাক্ষিণী ।
সৈবাহং ন চ দৃশ্যবস্ত্বিতি দৃঢপ্রজ্ঞাপি য়স্যাস্তি চে-
চ্চাণ্ডালোঽস্তু স তু দ্বিজোঽস্তু গুরুরিত্যেষা মনীষা মম ॥ ১॥
ব্রহ্মৈবাহমিদং জগচ্চ সকলং চিন্মাত্রবিস্তারিতং
সর্বং চৈতদবিদ্যয়া ত্রিগুণয়াঽশেষং ময়া কল্পিতম্ ।
ইত্থং য়স্য দৃঢা মতিঃ সুখতরে নিত্যে পরে নির্মলে
চাণ্ডালোঽস্তু স তু দ্বিজোঽস্তু গুরুরিত্যেষা মনীষা মম ॥ ২॥
শশ্বন্নশ্বরমেব বিশ্বমখিলং নিশ্চিত্য বাচা গুরো-
র্নিত্যং ব্রহ্ম নিরন্তরং বিমৃশতা নির্ব্যাজশান্তাত্মনা ।
ভূতং ভাতি চ দুষ্কৃতং প্রদহতা সংবিন্ময়ে পাবকে
প্রারব্ধায় সমর্পিতং স্ববপুরিত্যেষা মনীষা মম ॥ ৩॥
য়া তির্যঙ্নরদেবতাভিরহমিত্যন্তঃ স্ফুটা গৃহ্যতে
য়দ্ভাসা হৃদয়াক্ষদেহবিষয়া ভান্তি স্বতোঽচেতনাঃ ।
তাং ভাস্যৈঃ পিহিতার্কমণ্ডলনিভাং স্ফূর্তিং সদা ভাবয়-
ন্যোগী নির্বৃতমানসো হি গুরুরিত্যেষা মনীষা মম ॥ ৪॥
য়ত্সৌখ্যাম্বুধিলেশলেশত ইমে শক্রাদয়ো নির্বৃতা
য়চ্চিত্তে নিতরাং প্রশান্তকলনে লব্ধ্বা মুনির্নির্বৃতঃ ।
য়স্মিন্নিত্যসুখাম্বুধৌ গলিতধীর্ব্রহ্মৈব ন ব্রহ্মবিদ্
য়ঃ কশ্চিত্স সুরেন্দ্রবন্দিতপদো নূনং মনীষা মম ॥ ৫॥
দাসস্তেঽহং দেহদৃষ্ট্যাঽস্মি শংভো
জাতস্তেংঽশো জীবদৃষ্ট্যা ত্রিদৃষ্টে ।
ত্যেবং মে ধীর্নিশ্চিতা সর্বশাস্ত্রৈঃ ॥
॥ ইতি শ্রীমচ্ছঙ্করভগবতঃ কৃতৌ মনীষাপঞ্চকং সম্পূর্ণম্ ॥
Manisha Panchakam Meaning:
O great ascetic! Tell me. Do you want me to keep a distance from you, by uttering ‘go away’ ‘go away’ taking me to be an outcast? Is it addressed from one body made of food to another body made of food,
or is it consciousness from consciousness — which, O, the best among ascetics, you wish should go away, by saying “ Go away, go away”? Do tell me.॥
Answer me. While the Supreme Being is reflected in every object as the sun’s reflection could be seen in the placid waveless water bodies why this doubting confusion and differentiation i.e . whether one is a brahmin or an outcast? who is the superior one etc ?. Is there any difference in the reflection of the sun in the waters of the Ganges or in the water present in the street of an outcast?
Likewise, is there any difference when the water- containers happen to be golden vessels and earthen pots?
(Immediately Shankaracharya realises the presence of the Lord Shankara before him (who has apparently shown Himself with a view to removing the last vestige of imperfection in His devotee) and reels off the following 5 stanzas-constituting ‘Manisha Panchakam’-ending with a further stanza in the form of an epilogue).॥
If one is convinced firmly, that he is that very Soul which manifests itself in all the conditions of sleep, wakefulness and dream, in all the objects from the great Brahma (the creator) to the tiny ant and which is also the vibrant, but invisible, witnesser of all, then as per my clear conclusion, he is the great teacher/preceptor, be he a twice-born (i.e higher castes) or an outcast. ॥ 1 ॥
I am quite convinced that he is the great Master, be he a Brahmin or an outcaste, who, dwelling on the pure and infinite Brahman thinks of himself as that very Brahman, of whose manifestation the whole Universe is, though apparently the Universe is assumed to consist of different things, due to ignorance and the three Gunas (Satva, Rajas and Tamas).॥ 2 ॥
I am fully convinced by the Preceptor’s words that the entire Universe is a transitory illusion and that the human body is given to constantly meditate on the infinite and supreme Being with a serene and unquestioning mind and thus to burn in that sacred Fire the sins with which the human is born. ॥ 3 ॥
In my considered opinion that Yogi is great who has clearly grasped within himself the truth and quality of the Supreme Being through which all our activities are performed and whose effulgence is hidden by ignorance [of an ordinary person] even as the sun’s halo is covered/hidden by the clouds. ॥ 4 ॥
I am convinced that whoever has his mind dwelling upon the Great Being who is being worshipped by Indra and other gods and is thus completely at peace with himself has not only understood Brahman but he is himself that great Brahman!॥ 5 ॥
Oh Lord ! In the form of body, I am your servant. In the form of life, O three-eyed one, I am part of yourself. In the form of soul, you are within me and in every other soul.I have arrived at this conclusion through my intellect and on the authority of the various scriptures.॥
Thus ends the ‘manIShApa~nchakam’ composed by the Adi Shankaracharya.
The Harijan asked:
(Maneesha Panchakam . Brihatstotram)
Which should get away from which, whereto and how? What is your intention? Is it that one frame made of bone and flesh and itself a product of food, should get away from another frame of same composition and same origin? Or, that the soul (atma) resident in a frame should not come near another soul (atma) similarly resident in another frame? Oh! The best among Brahmins, please answer me, what is that which should get away?.
(Maneesha Panchakam . Brihatstotram)
The sun.s light falls both on the waters of the Ganges as well as of those of drains. The sun.s image gets reflected from both these surfaces. Is there any difference between the two images? Similarly, is there any difference in the images of the sun reflected in the water contained in a vessel whether the
latter is made of gold or of mud?
There is a permanent reality (paramatma) in our bodies. Paramatma, which is all perfect has the innate attributes of both bliss and knowledge. There are no differences in it. It is omniscient like the ocean. Even this comparison is not fully correct. In the ocean there are many waves. But in the paramatma there are no waves. The physical ocean has atmosphere standing upon it. This causes the waves in the ocean. But paramatma exists everywhere. There is no place without it. In view of its omnipresence, there are no waves in it. It is both unexcellable bliss and limitless knowledge. In the paramatma which is of such nature, how can there be differences?.
The question being in the nature of highest knowledge, evoked reply in the same vein. Adi Sankara said, .If you are such a knower of Brahmam (supreme reality), then you are indeed my Guru (revered teacher).. Adi Sankara.s reply is in five slokas known as ManeeshA Panchakam. Maneesha means firm conviction and Panchakam means five-fold. Adi Sankara sets out these as his firm convictions.
Adi Sankara replied:
(Maneesha Panchakam . verse 1)
If this type of firm self-knowledge is found in anyone. the knowledge that from the great Brahma (the creator) to the tiny ant, in all animate and inanimate things there is the supreme Brahman that is .I.; that the things which knowledge perceives as .I. are not .I.; then whether he be a Harijan or a Brahmin, that one alone is my Guru. This is my deep conviction and faith. How are we to look at all living things in the world as identical with ourselves? This self-knowledge is indeed hard to attain. There are three states of experience: waking (jagrat), dream (swapna) and deep sleep (sushipti). Although the states differ and the mental attitudes during these states differ, the person who experiences there is one and the same. Similarly, we should be firmly convinced that one and the same .I. prevails in various things and in various places in the three states of experience. Although we perform or experience in different states acts and mental attitudes distinct from one another and although these acts and attitudes seem to be the work of distinct bodies and minds, we know that it is one and the same person that performs these acts or experiences these attitudes. Likewise, the acts and mental attitudes, seemingly of other persons, are in reality our own. Bodies alone are separate but the inner self (the .I.) is the same. We should thus look at the entire world in this unitary view and not be misled by apparent
We see an article. The act of seeing has both an object (the particular article seen) as well as the subject (one who does the act of seeing). These two states (object and subject) are separate and distinct from one another. The body is seen. so it is the object. Atma (soul) sees. so it is the subject. This analogy can be extended to other acts such as perception or consciousness. The body is perceived. so it is the object. Atma (soul) does the act of perceiving. so it is the subject. Thus the body and the soul are separate from one another. He who considers the soul as that which is seen (that is, confuses the object for the subject) can only be termed as an aggyani (ignorant of reality/truth).
(Maneesha Panchakam . verse 5)