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Achyutashtakam by Shridhara Venkatesha Lyrics in Bengali

Achyutashtakam by Shri Shridhara Venkatesha.
The author Shridhara Venkatesha was a staunch devotee of Shiva but he had no dislike for Vishnu. He had even decried the differences displayed by people who claimed to be devotees of Siva or Vishnu to the exclusion of the other. He believed that in this age of Kali yuga when peoples’ mind will be attacked by a million distractions making it impossible for one to devote himself seriously to God, they can take to chanting of His name as Shridhara believed that the name is as potent as Him in destroying the sins of the devotee. This theme is highlighted in this short poem. The poet addresses the name and not the Lord as is usually the case. The power of the Lord’s name in destroying the sins is mentioned in the first verse. He cites with wonder instances when the name came to the rescue of His devotees in times of crises. One instance was the case of Draupathi when she was being subjected to humiliation and was in a helpless condition. She cried out for help and uttered Lord’s name which produced unending piles of clothes to the amazement of all and frustrated the efforts of those who tried to dishonor her. The poet then cites the case of Gagendra who was caught in a tussle with a crocodile. After a long-drawn struggle the elephant, feeling helpless, called out loudly the Lord’s name. This made Him rush to his rescue. The poet feels that it was the Lord’s name that worked these wonders.

অচ্যুতাষ্টকং শ্রীধরবেংকটেশবিরচিতম্ Lyrics in Bengali:

অথ অচ্যুতাষ্টকম্ ॥

অভিলপননিসর্গাদচ্যুতাখ্যে ভজে ত্বাং
হরসি মদঘবৃন্দং ত্বদ্ভুবুক্ষাবশাত্ ত্বম্ ।
অঘহৃদিতি তবাংব প্রত্যুত খ্যাতিদোঽহং
ত্বয়ি মম বদ কা বা সংগতির্দৈন্যবাচাম্ ॥ ১॥

চিরাতীতা সান্দীপনিতনুভুবঃ কালভবন-
প্রপত্তিস্তং পিত্রোঃ পুনরগময়ত্ সন্নিধিমিতি ।
য়শঃ কৃষ্ণস্যেদং কথমহহ ন ত্বাং রসনয়া
য়দি শ্রীকৃষ্ণাখ্যে ভজতি স তাদনীং মুনিসুতঃ ॥ ২॥

হরের্যচ্চোরত্বং য়দপি চ তথা জারচরিতং
তদেতত্ সর্বাংহস্ততিকৃতে সংকথনতঃ ।
ইতীদং মাহাত্ম্যং মধুমথন তে দীপিতমিদং
বদন্ত্যাঃ কৃষ্ণাখ্যে তবহি বিচরন্ত্যা বিলসিতম্ ॥ ৩॥

সভায়াং দ্রৌপত্যাঽংশুকসৃতিভিয়া তদ্রসনয়া
ধৃতা তস্যাশ্চেলং প্রতনু তদবস্থং বিদধতী ।
ব্যতানীশ্শৈলাভং বসনবিসরং চাংব হরতা-
মিয়ান্ গোবিন্দাখ্যে বদ বসনরাশিস্তব কুতঃ ॥ ৪॥

অধিরসনময়ি ত্বামচ্যুতাখ্যে দধানং
বনজভবমুখানাং বন্দ্যমাহুর্মহান্তঃ ।
সতু বিনমতি মাতশ্চাশ্বগোশ্বাদনাদীন্
ভবতি ননু বিচিত্রা পদ্ধতিস্তাবকানাম্ ॥ ৫॥

জননি মুরভিদাখ্যে জাহ্নবীনিম্নগৈকা
সমজনি পদপদ্মাচ্চক্রিণস্ত্বাশ্রিতানাম্ ।
পরিণমতি সমস্তাঃ পাদবার্ঘিন্দুরেকো
জগতি ননু তটিন্যো জাহ্নবীসহ্যজাদ্যাঃ ॥ ৬॥

সমবহিতমপশ্যন্ সন্নিধৌ বৈনতেয়ং
প্রসভবিধুতপদ্মাপাণিরীশোঽচ্যুতাখ্যে ।
সমবিতুমুপনীতঃ সাগজেন্দ্রং ত্বয়া দ্রাক্
বদ জননি বিনা ত্বাং কেন বা কিং তদাভূত্ ॥ ৭॥

য়দেষ স্তৌমি ত্বাং ত্রিয়ুগচরণত্রায়িণি ততো
মহিম্নঃ কা হানিস্তবতু মম সংপন্নিরবধিঃ ।
শুনা লীলাকামং ভবতি সুরসিন্ধুর্ভগবতী
তদেষা কিংভূতা সতু সপদি সন্তাপভরিতঃ ॥ ৮॥

ইতি শ্রীশ্রীধরবেংকটেশার্যকৃতৌ অচ্যুতাষ্টকং সংপূর্ণম্ ॥


শ্রীকণ্ঠমিব ভাস্বন্তং শিবনামপরায়ণম্ ।
শ্রীধরং বেঙ্কটেশার্যং শ্রেয়সে গুরুমাশ্রয়ে ॥

Shridhara Venkatesa lived about 300 years ago in Tiruvisanallur, a village in Tanjavur district in Tamilnadu. He was called Tiruvisanallur Ayyaval (deeply respected person) out of great respect people held for him. Even today he is known by that name only. He was the son of Lingayaryar who was a minister to the Maharaja of Mysore. Even as a young boy Ayyaval was deeply religious and in particular had great devotion to Shiva but he made no distinction between Shiva and Vishnu. He studied Vedas, shastras and puranas and had a great desire to travel and spread the message of the puranas and in particular the glory of Lord’s name among the people. After his father’s death the Maharaja wanted him to take his father’s job but he politely declined and left Mysore state with his wife and mother. He came to Tiruchirapalli in Tamilnadu and stayed for some time giving talks. He was supposed to have brought back to life a woman who had died by praying to the Lord. This attracted people who wanted him to solve their problems. Ayyaval did not like this and left the place. He proceeded to Tanjavur. It seems that King Shahaji (1684-1710.AD) who was ruling at that time in Tanjavur wanted him to stay in Tanjavur but Ayyaval wanted to lead a quiet life. King Shahaji
was inviting scholarly brahmins to stay in his kingdom. He renamed the village Tiruvisanallur as Shahajirajapuram. One street was allotted for their stay. Ayyaval also stayed in a house there. Ayyaval was a proponent of the view that in this dark age Kali chanting the lord’s name will ward off its evil effects. He was the senior contemporary of Bodhendra Swami who was the 59th pontiff of the Shankara Math at Kanchipuram and who was an ardent advocate of the glory of the lord’s name. Ayyaval wrote a book ভগবন্নামভূষণম্ (Bagavannamabhushanam) on the subject which is sadly not available now.

Bodhendra Swami had also written a book নামামৃতরসায়নম্ (Namamritarasayanam)on the subject wherein he had made references to the work of Ayyaval. Once Ayyaval had to perform a sraddha ceremony in his house. Therein food is prepared and offered to the departed forefathers who are invoked in three brahmins invited for the occasion. When every thing was getting ready Ayyaval saw an outcaste with his family in a famished condition begging for food. His heart melted with compassion at their condition. Without any hesitation he offered them the food that was being prepared for the ceremony.He then had the house washed and prepared to conduct the ceremony again. But the brahmins in the village considered this act reprehensible and refused to conduct the ceremony again. Ayyaval pleaded with them quoting texts from the scriptures to support his action but the Brahmins were not convinced. He asked them what he should do to remedy the situation. They said that the only atonement was having a bath in the Ganges. But there was no time to go to Varanasi and return. So he prayed to Lord Shiva (in Gangashtakam) to release the waters of Ganga from His matted hair as he did on an earlier occasion for Bhagiratha.

Water started flowing out of the well in his house and flooded the streets of the village. The villagers got scared and prayed to Ayyaval to forgive them and stop the flood that was threatening the village. He accordingly prayed again to stop the flooding and requested her to appear in the well every year on that day. Even now people flock to that place every year on that day and take bath in the waters of the well in the belief that Ganga is present in the well on that day. Ayyaval had composed a number of works some of which are not yet been printed and some not available.

Some of his works are listed below.
1) Bhagavannama Bhushanam
2) Akhyashashti
3) Daya satakam
4) Matrubhtasatakam
5) Stuti paddati
6) Shivabhakthikalpalatha
7) Shivabhaktha lakShanam
8) Taravali stotram
9) Artihara stotram
10) Kuliresvarashtakam
11) Jambhunathashtakam
12) Doshapariharashtakam
13) Krishnadwadasa manjari
14) Achyuthashtakam
15) Dola navarathnamala
16) Padamanimanjari – a sanskrit dictionary
17) Shahajiraja charitam

Also Read:

Achyutashtakam by Shridhara Venkatesha Lyrics in Hindi | English | Bengali | Gujarati | Punjabi | Kannada | Malayalam | Oriya | Telugu | Tamil

Achyutashtakam by Shridhara Venkatesha Lyrics in Bengali

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