Vasant Panchami Day is dedicated to Saraswati Devi, she is the goddess of knowledge, music, arts, science and technology. The goddess Saraswati is worshipped at the time of Vasant Panchami. Vasant Panchami is also known as Shri Panchami and Saraswati Panchami.
People worship the Goddess Saraswati to be enlightened by knowledge and to get rid of lethargy, slowness and ignorance. This ritual of initiation to the education of children is known as Akshar-Abhyasam or Vidya-Arambham / Praasana, one of the famous rituals of Vasant Panchami. Schools and colleges organize submissions in the morning to seek the blessing of the goddess.
Purvahna Kala, which is the time between sunrise and sunset, is considered to decide the day of Vasant Panchami. Vasant Panchami is celebrated on the day when Panchami Tithi reigns over Purvahna Kala. Because Vasant Panchami could also fall into Chaturthi Tithi.
Many astrologers consider Vasant Panchami as a day of Abujha which is conducive to begin all good work. According to this belief, the whole day of Vasant Panchami is conducive to the execution of Saraswati Puja.
Although there is no special time to perform Saraswati Puja on the day of Vasant Panchami, one should ensure that Puja is over when Panchami Tithi is in force. Many times Panchami Tithi does not prevail all day on Vasant Panchami day, therefore, we believe it is important to make Saraswati puja within Panchami Tithi.
Elders suggests the time of Saraswati Puja during Purvahna Kala while Panchami Tithi prevails. Purvahna Kala falls between dawn and noon, which is also the time when most people perform Saraswati Puja, including schools and colleges in India.