There are different names for Raksha Bandhan in different states and communities of India. It is because of different legends and significance of the festival that vary with the region of the country. Though Raksha Bandhan is basically a festival of Northern and Western India, it is also celebrated in other parts of India, but with a different significance, particularly in Southern India and coastal regions.
Rakhi: Rakhi festival is one of the most significant festivals in India, which involves celebration of the holiness of the sincere relationship that happens amongst the siblings of any family. In India great importance is given to relationships and family, as such, Rakhi festival enjoys necessary significance in Indian scenario.
Rakhi Purnima: In the northern and north-western regions of our country Rakhi purnima is celebrated with high spirit and enthusiasm. It is the celebration of the pure bond of love that exists between brothers and sisters of humanity.
Nariyal Purnima: Raksha Bandhan is called Nariyal Purnima or Coconut Full Moon in the states of Western region, including Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka. In these places, the festival is celebrated by the coastal people who depend on sea for their living. For them, it is the beginning of a new season.
Avani Avittam: Rakhi Purnima is known as Avani Avittam in Southern states of India including Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and some parts of Orissa. This day is also called Upakarmam and it is considered as very significant day for the Brahmins. It is on this day the Brahmins change their sacred threads.
Kajari Purnima: Shravani or Kajari Purnima is the name for Raksha Bandhan in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Bihar. It is a very important day for farmers and also for women who have sons in their family.
Pavitropana: In Gujarat the Raksha Bandhan day is called as Pavitropana. On this day grand puja is performed by the people and they worship Lord Shiva, the three eyed God. Their prayers done all through the year is concluded on this day.
Other Names: Different regions of the country assume different names and different celebrations for Raksha Bandhan. But, whatever be the name and traditions, one thing is in common everywhere, that is the tying of the sacred thread Rakhi.